Bunion surgery is a major procedure that involves the removal of a bunion from one or both feet. The surgery can also be called a foot bunionectomy.
The bunion is also known as a patellar bunion. Bunion surgery usually occurs as a result of an injury to the tendons attaching the big toe to the rest of the foot. The tendons are injured through many different activities and are susceptible to a lot of strain and pulling, causing them to become weak and eventually shrink in size.
The common conditions that cause bunions include high arches, overpronation, or flat feet. High arches are a common cause of bunion surgery because they increase the pressure on the metatarsal bones, especially when your foot rolls inwards.
Overpronation causes the metatarsal bone of the foot to move out of alignment with the rest of the bones, creating an over-pronation problem Hallux Valgus Correction. Flat feet cause the metatarsal bones to roll too far inward, causing the bunion to become misaligned. Most bunions will affect only one foot, but some can be an issue for both feet.
Bunion surgery is performed under general anesthesia. It is one of the most common surgical procedures in the U.S., but there are many other ways to treat bunions. Many people report great results with non-surgical treatment, and some people have had great results with wearing support socks and shoes.
Non-surgical treatment usually takes care of the initial deformity, while bunion surgery aims to fix the deformity and prevent additional bunions from occurring. When you first notice the signs of a bunion, it is wise to consult a podiatrist so that they can properly diagnose the problem and give you the best treatment for your particular case.